Tóth, Péter, MOE president
Mangalica: The pig as it once was
Dr. Szabó, Péter associate professor, MOE secretary
Tasks of the association in the fields of mangalica breeding and gene preservation
Prepared by: Dr. Péter Szabó, Csaba Papp, Péter Tóth, Béláné Vásárhelyi
The Mangalica Pig Register was prepared with the support of "Nemzeti Élelmiszerlánc-Biztonsági Hivatal" and the pig data-base of Hungarian National Association of Mangalica Breeders.
"Within the framework of this study we have conducted the pedigree analysis of the blonde manalica stock under control in Hungary. The following factors were included among the objectives: the determination of the number of the founders of the breed and how they influenced the genetic variability of the breed. We wanted to determine the generation interval in several origin-related ways, within which the degree of inbreeding of the breed, the fullness of it pedigree, the changes within the structure of the population and the distribution in the number of the offspring were also evaluated."
(details: Introduction; Conclusions and recommendations)
Due to the development of scientific dietetics and health conscious behaviour of consumers in the past one and the half decades the nutrition biological value of food products (that is to say fat content, fatty acid components, cholesterol content, vitamin and mineral contents among which meat and meat products, the quantity and rate of bioactive materials etc.) has become significant. In addition to this, from the production side, sustainability of natural environment, animal welfare and protection aspects, increase of quality consciousness, national traditions and origin protection have come to the foreground and a great attention has been paid to natural animal keeping and revelation of traditional breeds, their protection and utilization. In the majority of countries where animal husbandry has always been traditional there is a prioritized research area concerning the definition of nutrition biological advantages, their utilization in special products and wide communication with the population.
According to economic forecast, meat consumption is not going to increase in the developed parts of the world in the near future, but in the meantime quality demand will grow and change, therefore products aiming at fulfilling special demands will gain more fields. These reasons explain the great interest towards Mangalica these days. The Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition (Herceghalom) and the University of Debrecen, Centre of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Husbandry try to fulfil this great interest with launching a series of conferences every second year in the topics of Mangalica breeding, keeping, feeding and processing. The first conference was held with more than 120 participants in Herceghalom, in November 2005.Nowadays Mangalicas are either of pure or cross breed. Both kinds have their place and importance. After about 7,000 registered sows around 70,000 or 80,000 fattened pigs goes either direct for home consumption, which is a kind of nostalgia, whereas the majority goes to the domestic or foreign markets after industrial processing. Although a lot has been said about this breed, its history and adventures, that it has nearly become extinct, nevertheless there are very few current, up-to-date and proper research results which can be checked and come up to the present requirements. The organizers of the conference wanted to make up for this information gap inviting the most knowledgeable professionals of this topic, sending this out in prints and via electronic way to everyone interested.
Look at the short summaries of the presentations!
Ministry of Rural Development
Agricultural Economy, Supervision of
the food chain, Rural development, Environmental protection, Water management