Mangalicabreeds

The breeds that are bred:

  • Blonde mangalica
  • Swallow-bellied mangalica
  • Red mangalica


The mangalica pig breed is the typical lard-type pig, which emerged in the Carpathian basin in the course of the 19th century. Its undemanding nature, good lard producing capacity made it known all over the world in its time. It was the curly bristled Sumadia breed that took part in the formation of the blonde mangalica breed in the 1830’s. The swallow-bellied mangalica breed was established later from the cross-breeding of mangalica pigs and szerémségi pigs. The latest breed is the red mangalica one, which is the result of the cross-breeding of mangalica pigs with Szalontai type pigs as well as by using Újszalontai type pigs cross-bred with mangalica pigs at the beginning of the 19th century.

The Hungarian mangalica pig is of medium body size. When it reaches maturity the following dimension are characteristic:

 

Sex Age (year) Withers height (cm) Body weight (kg)
Sow 1 64-67 90-100
2 72-73 120-140
3 74-77 140-160
Boar 1 65-70 100-120
2 75-80 130-150
3 80-85 150-170

 

The bristle colour of the blonde mangalica breed shows a variety ranging from grey through yellow to yellowish-red, with the yellowish and reddish discolouration brought about by keeping and soil conditions (Pictures 1 and 2)

The bristle of the red mangalica is darker or lighter reddish-brown pictures 3 and 4).

The bristle of the swallow-bellied mangalica breed is black on the sides and the back, while the lower part of the body, the belly and the chops are either black or silver-grey extending as far as the corner of the mouth. The tail is also white while the tail tassel is black (pictures 5 and 6).

The bristle of mangalica pigs is pigmented greyish-black, the natural body openings and the rooting ring are black, and the nipples and nails are also black.

On the lower edge of the ear there is a light coloured (3-5 cm diameter) mark showing a gradual transition on the pigmented skin, which is the so-called “Wellman spot”, a variety-specific feature of the mangalica breed.
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Picture 1: Blonde mangalica boar   Picture 2: Blonde mangalica sow
     
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Picture 3: Red  mangalica boar   Picture 4: Red mangalica sow
     
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Picture 5: Swallow-bellied mangalica boar   Picture 6: Swallow-bellied mangalica sow

The bristle of the breed is thick, curly, shavings-like in winter and finer, shorter and more smoothly running in summer. The shavings-like bristle is again part of the breed’s specific features with the ring-like heavily curling bristle and coarse straight bristle along the back-line or the sides being undesirable. Too fine, woolly bristle is not desirable either. The coarse bristle, the black bristle ends on the Blonde mangalica and the black hairs lining the ears are signs of the occurrence of alien breeds of the ancestors of the individual pig.

The head is medium-long and the back of the nose forms a slightly broken line.
The ears are medium-large and tip forward.
The eyes are brown, the eyebrows and eyelashes are black.
The root of the tail is characteristically thick and the tail tassel is always black.
The minimum number of nipples is 5 normally developed nipples on either side.
The line of the back is slightly curved; the loin is short or medium-long.
The bone–structure is fine but the bones very hard.

 

Undesirable defects in breed specific characteristics:

  • Light or pink coloured skin in the belly area
  • Un-pigmented body openings
  • Dark-brown bristle-ends
  • Ears spotted with brown or black bristle
  • Either too fine or too rough bristle
  • Too little upright or too big hanging ears

Defects in breed specific characteristics that are not allowed:

  • Well-defined white spots on the skin
  • Black or brown spots in the bristles
  • Yellow or yellow-striped nails
  • Pink nipples
  • Totally white tail tassel
  • White eye-brows or eye-lashes

 

 

Breeding Objective

To preserve the genetic and phenotypic appearance of the mangalica pig in an unchanged form. In all three varieties this requires the maintenance of breed specific inner and outer characteristics in a way that the stock should preserve its variety of form at the least possible gene losses and at the same time inbreeding should possibly be avoided.

The lard type pig established at the beginning of the 1900’s be maintained and its good adaptive capacities to natural keeping conditions and resistance should be preserved. Within the limits characteristic of the breed good growing and reproducing performance should be achieved. In the traditional group-keeping social behaviour and favourable temperament are indispensable.

It is also an important objective that the sow stock should reach the internationally accepted minimum of 1000 heads at the same time maintaining a proportional line division and cease to belong to the category of endangered species. In order to achieve this, utilisation projects meeting the original breeding objectives of the mangalica pig and resulting in a marketable product that can address special demands.

 

 

Take a look at the picture gallery introducing the mangalica breeds!